By Jennylyn Redner
Comprehensive, spatially explicit fire occurrence data is a critical need across Florida and the southeast. Many species and ecosystems throughout the state are reliant on fires and have specific requirements in frequency and seasonal timing to thrive as a species and function properly as a natural system. The availability of spatially and temporally accurate fire data is imperative to the successful management of natural resources in the state of Florida.
The Florida Fire data set is a comprehensive, spatially explicit map of wild and prescribed fire occurrences across the state. This data set was developed by Tall Timbers Research Station for Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission and relies on USGS Burned Area products which combines change detection algorithms, spectral indices, and reference areas with LANDSAT Imagery. The resulting product delineates burned areas at a 30 m pixel resolution for fires which occurred between 2006 – 2018 and includes fire regime metrics. Number of times burned, year last burned, and time since previous fire metrics are included in the data set. This is a living data set, updated annually as new USGS Burned Area products and LANDSAT imagery are released. Future efforts will include delineating historic fires for years dating back to 1984.
The fine scale resolution coupled with the spatial and temporal extent make this a unique and invaluable asset previously unavailable to natural resource managers, researchers and biologists. Developing a map-centric tool for the Conservation Planning Atlas (CPA) was a logical choice for disseminating this information to conservation partners.
This fire data is available through a web application that also contains land cover, management areas and potential habitat for threatened and endangered species in Florida which rely on pyrogenic communities. The fire web app tool on the CPA includes many standard GIS features and functions which will be familiar to GIS users, including adding custom data sets, the ability to filter, query and view attributes, and create maps.
Development continues on the web application to improve functionality and user experience. Due to the size, state extent, and complexity of the participating data sets, configuration of the web application and published feature services remains under development. Drawing properties, vector tiles, and scale displays are modified to improve functionality as user feedback is received.
The Florida Fire data set can be viewed and explored without ArcGIS software using the Fire Map Viewer: https://flcpa.databasin.org/ The data set can also be downloaded on the FWC GIS data page, https://myfwc.com/research/gis/regional-projects/florida-fire/
Additionally, to improve user experience and support, a user guide was developed to cover the functionality of the fire web application. This user guide provides an over view of the data and serve as a basic tutorial. Users are encouraged to provide feedback and report errors.
To obtain the full project report including detailed methods, results and project deliverables (45MB) email email@example.com.