Category Archives: Research Information Services

FWC Digital Library 

by Tiana Kirby   

screen shot of search results

We’ve been busy in the FWRI Research Information Center! Thanks to a grant from the Fish & Wildlife Foundation and the William H. Flowers, Jr. Foundation, the RIC has procured a professional light stand-copy table. This is a tool for digitally preserving delicate bound manuscripts, and staff are already travelling to other libraries’ archives on preservation missions. Looking for technical reports and publications, research about a certain species, or a brochure about Bay Scallops? Need to find the latest Stock Assessment for Spanish mackerel? These are all questions not only we as researchers need to know but the public has an interest in as well. The FWC Digital Library (FWCDL) can help! The Research Information Center provides a web-based catalogue system designed to facilitate these inquiries. The FWCDL has been tailored to be a ‘One Stop Shop’ repository for documents (current and historical), video files, audio files, pictures, maps, brochures, grey literature, publications, application code, action plans… If we have produced it and it has value to our customer base, then the FWCDL is where it needs to go.

screen shot of digital library entrySearching capabilities range from a simple key word to more advanced options where users can specify specific formats (computer files, maps, visual materials, etc.), locations (FWRI Special Collections, journals, Fisheries Biology, etc.) and more (even multiple databases outside of FWC holdings). If you are interested in learning more about the FWCDL, please contact our Research Information Center staff for a review of our introductory webinar and for Digital Library training.

Censusing Florida’s Gulf Biodiversity

by Robert Lasley

 

Specimens
Mottled Purse crab (Persephona mediterranea) – white spotted crab; Sand dollar (Mellita tenuis) – green, top right; Snapping Shrimp (Synalpheus hemphilli) – yellow and blue shrimp; Blue-eye Hermit crab (Paguristes sericeus) – hermit crab with red eyestalks; Two spined sea star (Astropecten duplicatus) – bottom right, tan star; Regal Sea Goddess (Felimare picta) – nudibranch sea slug, blue and yellow; Polychaete (Hesione picta) – tan, long worm; Two Spined Sea Star (Goniaster tessellatus) – red, spotted sea star; Squid (Dorytuethis sp.) – squid; Mantis Shrimp (Neogonodactylus bredini) – red mantis shrimp, top right; Arrow crab (Stenorhynchus seticornis) – long legged crab in middle

On a research vessel in Gulf of Mexico, deep into the night, Fish and Wildlife Research Institute (FWRI) seafarers communicate in Latin, “Doryteuthis! campechanussynagris! brevirostris!” Scientists call out species’ names as they sort trawls of writhing fish, toxic sponges, and everything in between. The effort is part of the Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program, or SEAMAP—an operation to collect data for future policy and management decisions of marine resources in the region. All species encountered in the biannual cruises are accounted for (hence the Latin). And there are a lot of them.

The Gulf of Mexico harbors roughly 9,000 species of invertebrates alone. Yet this number only represents those that have been discovered and described by scientists; there are many, many more. Think worms buried deep in soft sediment, symbiotic shrimp living in the network of tunnels in barrel sponges, the sponges themselves that form the structure of whole communities, and numerous other obscure and cryptic species of sea cucumbers, slugs, squirts, and beyond. Life in the ocean is diverse, it is complex and connected, and there is much left to be discovered.

FWRI’s marine collection (or Specimen Information Systems) is teaming with SEAMAP and other FWRI programs to not only discover, document, and describe marine biodiversity, but also make these data available to scientists and the public—worldwide, free and open. The goal is to census all species in the region and provide photos, keys, descriptions, and DNA sequence data to help identify each one. A huge task, but it’s worth it. All marine biology research—from identifying game fish prey items to rehabilitation of damaged ecosystems—hinges on first knowing what’s out there. The accompanying photo of specimens collected on a recent SEAMAP cruise represents the beginning of this initiative and just a small taste of the Gulf’s incredible biodiversity.

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